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Ib Tok Essay Sample Example

Posted Under :  Private Tuitions < Education & Learning
Total Views :  102
  • Posted By : Shobhit-Shukla
  • Posted Date : January 9, 2020
  • EmailID : shobhitibtutor@gmail.com
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  • Total Votes : 1
  • Average Rating : 4 out of 5


“There is a sharp line between describing something and offering an explanation of it.” To what extent do you agree with this claim? There is no dividing line - all “explanations” are ultimately descriptions. Let’s take an example of what appears to be an explanation. Suppose you ask: “why do things fall to the ground?” Newton tells us that the apple falls “because” of gravity. But introducing the concept of gravity does not provide an explanation of any kind. Gravity is no more than a convenient shorthand to summarise the description: “an apple falls to the ground when it is unsupported.” To say it falls because of gravity is not a true ‘because’. There is no real explanation here. A real explanation would tell us why gravity causes the apple to fall. Newton tells us that gravity is caused by the gravitational field of the earth. This enlarges on the concept of gravity, but calling gravity a ‘gravitational field’ still does not explain why the apple falls. Calling it a gravitational field does not provide any explanation. He then formulates the universal law of gravitation. This tells us that the gravitational force between two bodies depends on their mass and decreases as the distance between them gets larger. The law of gravitation does not explain why gravity decreases with distance. Newton’s law of gravitation elaborates on the description of our observations but once again there is no explanation here – particularly no explanation why the gravitational force falls off with the square of the distance. To this day, the inverse square law of gravity remains unexplained. An explanation will tell us why something happens – explain it in terms of some underlying cause. But when we look at our causal explanations, we see that they are no more than elaborate descriptions of our observations. Our elaborate descriptions fool us into believing they are explanations when in fact they are not. for any further query or help contact: ramprhr@gmail.com

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